If you get one or both of these questions wrong, don’t worry! It will only count as one minor fault. At the beginning of your practical driving test, the examiner will ask you to read a number plate from 20.5 metres. Next, you will be asked two safety questions, which are also known as the ‘show me, tell me’ questions
A – Identify dipstick/oil level indicator, describe how you check oil level against the minimum/maximum markers. The level should be at maximum.
A. Identify high/low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level. The level should be at maximum. Caution: Risk of scalding. Never remove the filler cap when the engine is warm.
A. Identify reservoir and explain how to check level, the level should be at maximum.
A. Identify reservoir, check level against high/low markings. The level should be at maximum.
A. The head restraint should be adjusted so that the middle of the head restraint is in line with the middle of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. N.B. Some restraints might not be adjustable.
A. There will be a warning light on the dashboard illuminated if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system. Turn the key until the warning lights illuminate on the dashboard and point out where the ABS warning light is.
A. Turn the ignition on and operate the brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask someone to help.
A. Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Gently press the footbrake just as the car starts moving. The vehicle should not pull to one side.
A. Use the manufacturer’s guide, use a reliable pressure gauge, check and adjust pressures when tyres are cold, don’t forget the spare tyre and remember to refit valve dust caps. Tip: There is usually a tyre pressure sticker on the drivers door which is visible when it is open. A tyre pressure sticker can also sometimes be found inside the fuel filter cap as well.
A. Check there are no cuts and bulges; using a proper tread depth gauge there should be 1.6mm of tread depth across the central 3/4 of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference. If the tread depth is lower than 1.6mm you should renew your tyres by law.
A. Switch on ignition, turn on headlights and apply main beam, point out where the main beam warning light is.
A. Switch on the ignition, turn on dipped headlights, turn on fog lamps, and point out where the warning light is. Fog lamps should be used when visibility is less than 100 metres.
A. Switch on ignition, set all relevant controls including; fan speed , temperature, air direction and heated rear windscreen to clear windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
A. Switch on ignition, operate controls to wash and wipe front and rear windscreens.
A. With the engine off move the wheel and the steering will be stiff. Turn the engine on and the steering will be light and easy to operate. There is a problem with the power steering if the wheel remains stiff once the engine is started.
A. Switch on ignition, operate switch, walk round vehicle and check all the lights are working.
A. Applying the hazard warning switch, walk round the vehicle and check all the indicators are working.
A. Switch on ignition; apply the horn to check its working.
A. Demonstrate by applying the foot brake, release the parking brake and then re-apply it. There should not be excessive travel in the handbrake and it should secure the vehicle.